Hyponatremia is a metabolic condition which manifests through a lack of sodium in our body fluids. Hyponatremia can be triggered by many factors, some of them natural and some of them not.
When the sodium level in our body fluids is bellow the normal standards, we can confront with an unstable blood pressure, nerves and muscular deficiencies. Bellow, we will present you the main factors that can induce hyponatremia and its main symptoms.
1) Alcohol consumption
Even though alcohol is not directly responsible for hyponatremia, an alcohol abuse can produce liver cirrhosis. Liver cirrhosis is the main cause of sodium depletion in our bodies and it inevitably leads to the apparition of hyponatremia. Alcohol in excess can also lead to vomiting, increased urination and dehydration, which rush the sodium depletion from our body.
2) Other causes
We have to understand that hyponatremia is generated by an imbalance of salt and water in our body. Such disorder can be triggered by a lot of health issues like: kidney disease, diuretic medication, diarrhea, hearth failure, burns, intense sweating or the syndrome of inappropriate hormone secretion.
After a short investigation, a professional can inform you if you suffer from this condition or not. If that’s the case, a proper medication should be prescribed. The treatment plan will base on a balanced diet and proper electrolyte consumption. Depending on the type / state of the disease, the treatment may vary.
3) Main symptoms
When the sodium levels from our body are low, some symptoms may appear. The main symptoms are: fatigue, convulsions, headache, affected mental status, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, irritability and improper muscle functions. When the hyponatremia worsens, some other symptoms may appear. If you’re presenting any acute symptoms which are interacting with your daily life, the best thing to do is seek for immediate emergency assistance.
4) Alcohol consumption – some other effects
Besides hyponatremia and liver cirrhosis, an alcohol abuse can generate a series of health disorders. Drinking alcohol in excess can affect your health, sometimes for a long term. A glass of wine is always recommended but if you consume big quantities over a short period of time, some of your vital organs can be affected. Heart, liver, brain or kidneys, are just a few organs that can suffer permanent damage due to alcohol in excess.
Also, you will weaken your immune system, and you will make your body helpless against other diseases and viruses. If you like to have a drink now and then, make sure that you do it in moderation, because your health is more precious than anything.